////IR315 Exam Notes

IR315 Exam Notes

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IR315 Exam Notes contains content from weeks 4, 8, 11, 12, 17 and 19. There are 6 unique documents and total page count of 183.

  • These notes are on Week 4: The Cold War and the Middle East. The notes include past exam questions and summaries of most readings. They focus on the Great Superpower rivalries and how they have affected the political and economic developments of the region, as well as how regional powers in the Middle East have harnessed this rivalry to advance their own public policy/foreign policy goals – which translated into ‘the Arab Cold War’, with Egypt, Syria and Iraq at the height of this tension, evolving from pan-Arabism to new inter-Arab dynamics.
  • These notes are on Week 8: Constructivism in the Middle East. The notes include past exam questions and summaries of readings. It looks at the main ideational factors and concepts prevalent in the region which can explain Arab politics. It looks at how different regimes like Nasser’s or Sadat’s in Egypt harnessed certain social narratives focusing on different interpretations of Arab/national identity to advance their foreign policy goals and interests in the region. Such an analysis thus highlights the fragmentation of norms in Arab dialogues and politics.
  • These notes are on Week 11: Post Colonialism. The notes include past exam questions and summaries of main readings. They first focus on a critical analysis of Edward Said’s Orientalism, looking at the accuracy of its depiction of research endeavors on the ‘Orient’ and on Islam from a post colonial structuralist perspective and looks at how relevant are Said’s arguments relevant today given the evolution of Arab studies. It more generally looks at the different contending visions of the Middle East from the perspective of identity, politics and society.
  • These notes are on week 12: Egypt: Security and Economy. They include past exam essay questions and summaries of readings. The focus is mainly on analyzing the determinants of Egyptian policy-making, from a point of view of ideas/identity – Arab socialism and Pan-Arabism -, economic restraints and opportunities and foreign policy considerations like regional security and regional hegemony/leadership throughout the different regimes since independence – from Nasser, Sadat to Moubarak and Morsi.
  • These notes are on week 17: State and Government. They include past exam essay questions and summaries of most readings. They mostly focus on the following paradox; many Arab states have very large and monopolizing state institutions – big armies, heavy bureaucracies employing large parts of the population – and yet the state has never managed to penetrate society, being largely unresponsive and unaccountable towards citizens and civil society organizations. It thus looks at the history of state formation in the Arab world and thus partly explains this discrepancy, from a perspective of colonial imposition of foreign notions of state and nation building, generated mostly in a top down fashion. The notes highlight the unique intermingling of influence of state formation, ideology and society.
  • The notes are on week 19: Conflict, war and security. They include past exam essay questions and summaries of main readings. These notes look at the explanatory factors behind different types of conflict that have taken place in the region from the mid-20th to today, also in relation to the different theories of political violence and civil conflict. They include a critical analysis of arguments in favor of Middle Eastern ‘exceptionalism’ when it comes to conflict and war and look at the different explanations relating to history, ideology, religion, politics and developmental path.

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IR315 Exam Notes contains content from weeks 4, 8, 11, 12, 17 and 19. There are 6 unique documents and total page count of 183.

  • These notes are on Week 4: The Cold War and the Middle East. The notes include past exam questions and summaries of most readings. They focus on the Great Superpower rivalries and how they have affected the political and economic developments of the region, as well as how regional powers in the Middle East have harnessed this rivalry to advance their own public policy/foreign policy goals – which translated into ‘the Arab Cold War’, with Egypt, Syria and Iraq at the height of this tension, evolving from pan-Arabism to new inter-Arab dynamics.
  • These notes are on Week 8: Constructivism in the Middle East. The notes include past exam questions and summaries of readings. It looks at the main ideational factors and concepts prevalent in the region which can explain Arab politics. It looks at how different regimes like Nasser’s or Sadat’s in Egypt harnessed certain social narratives focusing on different interpretations of Arab/national identity to advance their foreign policy goals and interests in the region. Such an analysis thus highlights the fragmentation of norms in Arab dialogues and politics.
  • These notes are on Week 11: Post Colonialism. The notes include past exam questions and summaries of main readings. They first focus on a critical analysis of Edward Said’s Orientalism, looking at the accuracy of its depiction of research endeavors on the ‘Orient’ and on Islam from a post colonial structuralist perspective and looks at how relevant are Said’s arguments relevant today given the evolution of Arab studies. It more generally looks at the different contending visions of the Middle East from the perspective of identity, politics and society.
  • These notes are on week 12: Egypt: Security and Economy. They include past exam essay questions and summaries of readings. The focus is mainly on analyzing the determinants of Egyptian policy-making, from a point of view of ideas/identity – Arab socialism and Pan-Arabism -, economic restraints and opportunities and foreign policy considerations like regional security and regional hegemony/leadership throughout the different regimes since independence – from Nasser, Sadat to Moubarak and Morsi.
  • These notes are on week 17: State and Government. They include past exam essay questions and summaries of most readings. They mostly focus on the following paradox; many Arab states have very large and monopolizing state institutions – big armies, heavy bureaucracies employing large parts of the population – and yet the state has never managed to penetrate society, being largely unresponsive and unaccountable towards citizens and civil society organizations. It thus looks at the history of state formation in the Arab world and thus partly explains this discrepancy, from a perspective of colonial imposition of foreign notions of state and nation building, generated mostly in a top down fashion. The notes highlight the unique intermingling of influence of state formation, ideology and society.
  • The notes are on week 19: Conflict, war and security. They include past exam essay questions and summaries of main readings. These notes look at the explanatory factors behind different types of conflict that have taken place in the region from the mid-20th to today, also in relation to the different theories of political violence and civil conflict. They include a critical analysis of arguments in favor of Middle Eastern ‘exceptionalism’ when it comes to conflict and war and look at the different explanations relating to history, ideology, religion, politics and developmental path.

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